celebration. education. advocacy




There has been an enormous output of scholarship on female, trans, and non-binary composers and composers of color. Some of this scholarship dates from the early twentieth century, but the bulk of this material dates from the 1970s through the present. In this bibliography, we include both important works that are now somewhat dated as well as more recent scholarship. Many entries appear under multiple headings. General works are organized alphabetically by author; works on specific composers are organized alphabetically by subject. The works of scholarship listed here represent only a fraction of the many articles, books, and other media on diverse composers, and so we provide to links for additional bibliographies. We also encourage users to send us information on materials they have found useful in learning about and programming diverse composers’ works.

This document is continually updated. Please send your recommendations for this list with full citation information to info@composerdiversity.com

For resources on gender theory, queer theory, and feminist theory in music, we recommend the The Society for Music Theory’s Committee on the Status of Women Bibliography by Elizabeth Sayrs and Leigh VanHandel


For many reasons—popularity, accessibility, and resources among others—professional orchestras get a lot of attention when it comes to diversity in programming. This page contains data analysis of American orchestras in regard to programming works by women and composers of color. Only “mainstage” orchestral concerts are incorporated into these analyses and the emphasis is placed on the percentage of the total season rather than the raw number of works. Different works are counted separately and while we will annotate when more than one orchestra performs the same piece, we won’t be counting multiple performances of a work by the same orchestra.

Beneath the graphs,we include comprehensive lists of works by composers from underrepresented groups that are scheduled to be performed during the 2019-2020 season as well as a scorecard that demonstrates how far we still have to go.

(Note: this data shows orchestral seasons that have made their seasons public and will be updated regularly as orchestras announce their 2019-2020 programs!)